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The Presidential Election in South Korea
chungheesoo

The Presidential Election in South Korea: Dark Threatening Fog is covering up the Future of the Korean Peninsula

(한국의 대선은 한반도의 미래를 깊은 안개 속으로 빠지게 한다)(1)

 

Dr. Joseph H. Chung (정희수) Professor of Economics, Quebec University in Montreal (UQAM)

 

Introduction

 In South Korea, something which should not happen has happened. Yoon Suk-yeol has won the presidential election with a margin of little more than 240,000 votes.

 If there is any person who should not become the head of Korea, he is Yoon who has revealed himself as the most corrupted, dishonest and violent person and who relies on shaman (MooDang) for decisions.

 Nonetheless, Yoon will become the head of South Korea. Who have voted for him? Those who have voted for Yoon may be grouped into the following groups.

 First there are those who were not allowed to know who Yoon was because of the lie campaigns led by corrupted media.

 Second, there are those who are parts of the corruption community led by the oligarchy composed of academics, business, bureaucrats, media, politics (ABBMP)

 Third, there are those who were most likely paid for voting for Yoon.

 It was a victory of the past over the future; it was a victory of war over peace; it was a victory of economic stagnation over sustained growth of the economy.

 

1. Victory of the past over the Future

 The presidential candidate of the Democratic party (DP), Lee Jae-myung has promised the continuation of a President Moon Jae-in's work of building a society where everybody lives in harmony, where 50% of the elders do not kill themselves because they are hungry and lonesome, where the youth can have dating, love, marry and have children, where one can have decent job without college degree, where the rich do not despise the poor. This is the future of Korea he was going to build, but he lost the election.

 Under the future president, Yoon Suk-yeol representing the People Power Party (PPP), South Korea will go back to what it was under the pro-Japan conservative government which ruled Korea for 60 Years since 1948. The corruption culture will be restored. The bribe money will be the express way to wealth, fame and power; the income gap will be widened; the rich will oppress the poor; the media will hide the corruption of the conservative establishment; the police, the prosecutor and the court judge will allow the illegal and immoral activities of the member of the corrupted communities on the one hand and, on the other, punish the good deeds of the opposition forces; the "Hell Korea" will continue; the young will not marry; the elders will continue to kill themselves; the minimum wage will decrease; the work hours will become longer.

 

2. Victory of War over Peace

 Lee Jae-myung, the defeated presidential candidate representing DP had a very constructive and bold plan for the peace on the Korean peninsula. His idea was the implementation of North-South agreement of 2018 which made two commitments, namely, the declaration of the end of the Korean War and North-South economic cooperation.

 But, these agreements could not be respected because of the objection on the part of Japan and the South Korean conservative party and the U.S.

 Lee was ready to go ahead despite the objection by Japan, conservative South Korea and the U.S. Lee's plan included the following.

 First, he would continue to negotiate for the repatriation of the OPCON so that a Korean general would command the Korean armed forces in war. This would allow South Korea not to participate in the pre-emptive attack against North Korea or Taiwan war or Senkaku/Diaoyu Islands conflict

 Second, Lee would negotiate with Washington to allow the realization of his plan for peace in the Korean peninsula and North-South economic cooperation. Lee was optimistic for the negotiation results. He counted on the fact that Korea is 6th global military power and 9th global economic power; Lee thought that this would give him some advantage in the negotiation with Washington.

 Third, even if Washington continue objecting the North-South peace-dialogue and economic cooperation, Lee would go ahead with his plan, because the U.S. badly needs South Korea as the forefront military base needed for the containment of China

 On his part, Yoon Suk-yeol has declared that South Korea will join the Quad, that he will think of undertaking pre-emptive attack against North Korea, that the Japanese Self Defence Force (SDF) may join the pre-emptive attack against North Korea and that South Korea will not ask Washington to transfer the OPCON back to Korea.

 These declarations mean the 70-year old desire of the pro-Japan conservative forces to unify Koreas not by dialogue of peace but by force. This was planned in 2017 involving the combined armed forces of the U.S., Japan and South Korea. But the idea was abandoned because of costs and the fear of third World War which might result from such attack.

 There is no doubt that the combined armed forces of the three countries can easily topple the North Korea regime. But, there is no doubt that North Korea will fight back and, in the end, nobody wins

 What these three countries are aiming at is the absorption-reunification of Korea by force for different reasons.

 For the pro-Japan conservative South Koreans, the peaceful unification means two risks.

 First, North Koreans are likely to punish them for their collaboration with Japan during the Japanese occupation in Korea.

 Second, in a unified Korea, they will become a marginal minority and lose their privilege.

 As for Japan, it also has two reasons for favouring absorption-unification of Korea by force.

 First, it would provide a chance to invade and re-conquer Korea in complicity with pro-Japan South Koreans who identify themselves more with Japanese than with Koreans. In other words, Korea would be annexed to Japan in some forms.

 Second, this is important, unified Korea would mean a major military power threatening Japan.

 As far as the U.S. is concerned, the absorption- unification means that the whole of the Korean peninsula become the American military base and provide important strategic advantage for Washington in the war against China and even Russia.

 The victory of Yoon would provoke the following results. First, it will most likely force Pyongyang to accelerate the production of nuclear bombs and launch long-range ICBM and hit exact spots which will be announced in advance; it will be somewhere near Guam.

 Second, if North Korea finds that the peace-dialogue is impossible, it may join the Russia-China camp and the possibility of the reunification of Korea will become more difficult and the dark challenging clouds of war will cover the peninsula.

 There will be another security challenge which Yoon may provoke. It is the possibility of war involving Taiwan or the Senkaku-Miaoyu Islands. It is likely that Japan would initiate a shooting war forcing the U.S. and South Korea under Yoon to join the war.

 We must understand why Japan would provoke a war with China. The ambition of Japan to rule again Asia is still there. Nationalist Shintoism restored; the dream of Kakko-Ichi-U (Japan rules over the world) is still alive and the 1927 Tanaka Memorial (roadmap of Japan's world conquest) is still relevant for neo-imperialists led by Shinzo Abe and the his party, Liberal Democratic Party(LDP). (다음 호에 계속)

 

 

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