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chungheesoo
chungheesoo
112335
9193
2024-02-15
The Korea-Japan Summit: Conspiracy, Capitulation, Korean War 2.0?(3)

 

(지난 호에 이어)


Yoon announced before the summit that Japan would remove the trade sanction. But Japan said that it would consider the matter.

In all the seven issues, Korea has gained nothing and gave everything to Japan. The summit was major victory to Japan and miserable defeat of Korea. South Koreans elected Yoon as president in 2022. They knew that he was not the ideal presidential candidate. But, they never thought that he was so stupid, so ignorant and so immoral and such irresponsible man.

 

His stupid action during the disastrous summit in Tokyo has put Korea in a worsening trade, slowing-down of GDP growth, widening income gap and, above all, increasing risk of the second Korea war. But he was surrounded by experienced in foreign relations and national security. The sad thing is that he ignores the opinions of his advisors. Many suspect that he relies on th opinion of his wife who is known to be disciple of Shaman, Cheon Gong.

Therefore, to understand what has really happened, we should analyse Yoon's motivational factors of Yoon's awful behaviour in Japan.

 

Analysis of Yoon's Behaviour

To understand, Yoon's anti-Korea behaviour, we have to go back to the period of Japanese colonialism 1910-1945. As I pointed out in my previous global Research articles, the Korea population was divided between the pro-Japan traitors who sold Korea to Japan free of charge in 1910 for their financial and political greed represented by Lee Wan Yong and the nationalist Koreans.

After WWII, the government of Republic of Korea which had its provisional government in China returned to Korea and it had the plan to punish the traitors. But this plan was not carried out due to the fact that the American military government hired the traitors as civil servants and police force.

Then, in 1948, the American military government left and the government of Rhee Syngman took over the power and run the government with the pro-Japan traitors. The pro-Japan traitors and their descendents ruled Korea for 75 years.

 

The pro-Japan traitors and their descendents formed a political party, the Republic Party in 1963 with USD 66 million given by Kishi Nobuske, the worst racist and Class-A war criminal to General Park Chung-hee, the military dictator. This party has changed many times its name and, now it is the People Power Party (PPP) of Yoon Suk-yeol.

 

The pro-Japan traitors have the following characteristics.

 First, they know that they have no legitimacy to govern due to their betrayal against the Korean people. 

Second, they are afraid of the people; they consider the people as enemies. 

Third, under these circumstances, they felt the need to cumulate money to protect themselves against the ordinary Koreans. This money has come from embezzled tax payers' money and bribe money. This has led to the creation of a solid pro-Japan corruption community protected by the corrupted judiciary system and media.

As a result, the policy of the pro-Japan government including its foreign relations policy is very little interested in promoting the well being of the people; it is interested in promoting the interests of their families and the members of their community which is rotten to the core.

 

The pro-Japan force was well aware of the shortcomings of Yoon as president. But this was not a problem for them. As long as Yoon kill the liberals who threaten the guilty conscience of the pro-Japan, he is a good president.

What motivates the political behaviour of the corrupted pro-Japan force is the fear of retribution of the people. Yoon and his friends are afraid of South Koreans and, especially, the North Koreans.

 

As a result, what motivates Yoon's domestic or international policy is motivated by the need of protectors. The best domestic protector is the rotten court judges and the prosecutors. 

The foreign protectors are Japan and the United States. In fact, Yoon seems to think that he is more a Japanese than a Korean. His father was the first Japanese scholarship winner in the 1960s and he was a devoted pro-Japanese academic. Yoon grew up in a very pro-Japan family and social environment where Japanese considered Koreans as inferior race. This may have induced him to conduct diplomacy with Japan to promote Japanese interests at the expense of Korea interests.

 

As far as Yoon is concerned, the U.S. is another reliable protector allowing him to keep power or to provide Yoon asylum in case Yoon has to escape in a situation where his life is threatened by the angry citizens. He may remember how Syngman Rhee narrowly escaped to Hawaii in 1960 under the threat of angry students who revolted against the extreme corruption of Rhee's government.
(다음 호에 계속)

 

 

 

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chungheesoo
chungheesoo
112133
9193
2024-02-08
The Korea-Japan Summit: Conspiracy, Capitulation, Korean War 2.0??(2)

 

(지난 호에 이어)

Thus, the Korean corporations which have nothing to do with the labour slavery have to pay the victims of slavery imposed by Japanese corporations. What is more absurd is this. Yoon promised that this policy will not change even under the new government which will come in four years. But in four years, he will be no longer president of Korea. In fact, he may be kicked out much before the end of his presidential term. Then, how can he make such irresponsible promise? Here again, Japan won; Korea is humiliated. 

Moreover, Yoon violated the constitution by disobeying the ruling the country's Supreme Court. This can be a reason for impeachment.

What is more shocking is this. A ranking Japanese cabinet minister says that the conscription of Korean workers never took place. Yoon did not protest against such irresponsible declaration of a Japanese cabinet minister.

GSOMIA: Then there was the issue of General Security of Military Information Agreement (GSOMIA). It is an agreement on the exchange of security related information. Under the agreement, partner countries must share security-related information after proper analysis of information. 

During the Korea-Japan trade war of 2019, under the government of Moon Jse-in, Korea withdrew from the agreement, but, the agreement was restored informally.

But, this time, Yoon agreed formalized GSMIA and Korea must provide Japan with information on North Korean military activities which may be a threat to Japan and South Korea.

The agreement is a lopsided agreement, which is more beneficial to Japan.


First, under the GSOMIA, one has to offer the real time exchange of military information without proper analysis. This may allow Japan to misjudge North Korean missile launch, because the earth, being round, it takes more time before Japan can track the direction of the missile. This could lead Japan to take hostile reaction to North Korean missile launched due to wrong judgment of the intention and direction of the missile. 

Second, Japan has little military information to offer to Korea. Moreover, Korean experts think that information provided by Japan has been of little use for Korea.

Third, the GSMIA may lead to Japan-Korea military alliance compelling South Korean armed forces to join Japan's war against North Korea and China.

Fourth, the Japan-Korea military alliance will allow the return of the Japanese military to the Korea soil. This will be never ever be accepted by Koreans.

Thus, Yoon has given the gift cup filled with gifts of vital importance to Korea's sovereignty security, pride and dignity. What is more alarming is that Japan filled the remaining unfilled gift cup with more Yoon<s gifts.

2. Additional Korea's Gift imposed by Japan

Many years ago, I saw on TV a Canadian businessman who talked about the Japanese, He said: "What the Japanese thinks in the forehead is quite different from what he thinks in the back-head." He was saying that one should not give a blank check in dealing with a Japanese businessman.

That was what happened to the stupid Yoon Suk-yeol. Yoon surely trusted that Japan would pay for Yoon's gift with something of some use. But, as suspected, Japan gave nothing. Instead, it asked the things which threaten the very existence of South Korea.

Fifth, Fukushima sea foods: Yoon promised to talk to Korean about the imports to Korea of the radioactive polluted marine product of the Fukushima region. Japanese sources reported that Japan asked Yoon to remove the imports restriction of Fukushima marine products of radioactive contamination to Korea. Yoon is reported to have promised to consider the possibility. 

Sixth, Dokto Island: There was the question of Dokto/Takeshima. The Tokto has been the thorny issue ever since WWII. There are ample proofs that Dokto is a Korean territory. But Japan has been arguing that it is its territory usually before major elections. 

For Koreans, Dokto is sacred. If Japan insists that it is its territory, Koreans are ready to go to war with Japan.

Thus, Dokto is a very delicate issue for Japan and Korea. In the past, when Japan mentions Dokto, at bilateral meetings, Korean delegate reacted very strongly.  

The Japanese media, including NHK reported that the issue of Dokto was discussed but Yoon did not protest. The presidential office of Korea denies such discussion having taken place. Koreans are nervous about the hidden agreement which might have taken.

Japan betrayed by putting in the school history text book that Dokto is a Japanese territory few days after the Yoon-Kishida summit.

Seventh,Trade Sanctions: In 2019, Japan reacted violently against the Korean Supreme Court's ruling ordering Japanese corporations who practiced labour slavery to pay the victims of labour slavery. And Japan imposed trade sanctions by restricting the exports to Korea of vital chemical product needed for the production of chips, smart phone and TVs.
(다음 호에 계속)

 

 

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chungheesoo
chungheesoo
111946
9193
2024-02-01
The Korea-Japan Summit: Conspiracy, Capitulation, Korean War 2.0?-(1)


Introduction

Stupidity, ignorance, stubbornness and cowardice of a man has put the future of South Korea on the sacrificial alter for the glory of the Japanese emperor.

On March 16, President of South Korea Yoon Suk-yeol went to Tokyo to meet with Japanese Prime Minster Kishida. This was the summit which Yoon has been begging like a beggar ever since he took office since May 9, last year.

At this summit, Yoon obtained nothing of value and, instead, he gave everything of vital importance for the security, sovereignty and the pride of Koreans. The vast majority of Koreans think that Yoon is the worst traitor to Korea and Koreans race. Indeed, he is even a greater traitor than Lee Wan Yong who sold in 1910 Korea to Japan free of charge.

As far as I am concerned, what happened at the sum was the result of the pro-Japan Koreans and anti-Korea Japanese conspiracy and the betrayal of Japan. The conspiracy was about the exchange of political gifts. Korea would present a cup half filled with gifts with Japanese gifts which would fill the remaining half of the cup. This was, in fact, the statement of the Korean foreign minister, Park Jin although he did not say it was a conspiracy.

But Japan has betrayed the conspiracy. It filled the other half of the cup asking even more Korean gifts.

I am dealing the following issues
• Conspiracy and Betrayal
• Additional gifts imposed by Japan
• Impact of Korea-Japan Summit

 

1. Conspiracy and Betrayal

The Yoon Suk-yeol has offered to Kishida the following gifts.

• The justification of Japanese colonialism in Korea.
• The acceptance of the Foreign Minister Agreement of 2015 on the comfort women issue.
• The payment to the victims of labour slavery by Korean corporations not by the Japanese corporation who enslaved Korean workers, namely Mitsubishi Heavy Industries and Nippon Steel Corporation.
•The Global Security of Military Information Agreement (GSOMIA) and bilateral military cooperation.

Justification of Japanese Colonialism:

The Yoon government representing the pro-Japan conservative South Koreans represented by the Yoon's government argue that Japan annexed Korea in 1910 in order to modernize Korea. Korea was not able to modernize itself due to the lack of will and the capability to do so. Therefore, Japanese colonialism was beneficial to Korea. This is precisely the argument of Japan.

Koreans view such view is act of traitors. Yoon has c destroyed the pride and the dignity of Koreans. 

This view of Yoon was the great relief for Japan, because Yoon's such view is very useful for Japan's warmongering conservative forces led by LDP for justifying its illegal annexation of Korea, using it for the propaganda of racial superiority of Japanese and popular support for Japan's scheme of new invasion of Korea. 

In other words Yoon's stupid attitude provided the excuse for the return of Japanese armed forces to Korea. In fact, Yoon's anti-Korea and pro-Japan perception of the Japanese colonialism was great gift given to Japan.


.Comfort Women: Yoon went to Japan hoping that Japan show remorse and apologise for raping more than 250,000 Korean girls during several years by Japanese soldiers. True, in the past, handful Japanese political leaders showed remorse:  Kono (1993), Murayama (1995), Obuchi-Kim joint declaration (1998), Koizumi (20005).

But in 2015, Shinzo Abe denied all these manifestation of apology or remorse. 

Fumio Kishida, current prime minister of Japan, was asked if he would apologise for the sex slavery. He answer was that he would follow the position taken by his predecessors, but he did not say which predecessor. The predecessor was most likely Shinzo Abe. But Yoon did not protest.

So the negotiation on the apology for sex slavery ended up with total victory of Japan. It is reported that even before the summit, Yoon sent someone to Kishida begging him to say a simple word of regret for the crime against the poor comfort girls. Kishida ignored such humiliating request. It was a total humiliating defeat of Yoon. 

Compensation payment for labour slavery: During the 35-year of Japanese illegal occupation of Japan in Korea, Japan committed countless war crimes against humanity. One of these crimes was the conscription of almost one million Korean workers forced to work in Japanese mines and factories under sub-human living conditions.

The negotiation between the former slave masters (Japanese corporations) the former slaves (Korean workers) for sincere apology and compensation has lasted for decades. At last, in 2018, the Supreme Court of Korea ordered two Japanese corporations- Mitsubishi Heavy Industries and the Nippon Steel to pay the compensations to the victims of the labour slavery. It was reported that these corporations were ready to pay the compensation, but the Japanese government told them not to do so.

You may not believe this. Since Japan refuses to pay the compensation to the victims, the Yoon's government has decided to make the Korean corporation to pay the compensation. Then, Korea will ask the Japanese corporation to pay later. This is ridiculous idea; the Japanese corporation will never pay. (다음 호에 계속)

 

 

 

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chungheesoo
chungheesoo
111699
9193
2024-01-18
America's Perpetual War: Six Questions(6)


(지난 호에 이어) 


6. Will the American Wars continue?

Despite its terribly negative impact, these wars will continue, because it is beneficial to the APWC.

The perpetual war requires the following strategies: perpetual existence of enemies on the one hand and, on the other, the adoption of invisible and politics-free war.

If there is no demand for the war, there will be no war. Hence, in order that the war perpetuates, there must be sustained demand for war. But, in order that there be demand for war, there must be crisis and there should be crisis making countries or individuals. These countries and individuals become enemies of America.


There have been several waves of military crisis in the eyes of APWC.

The first wave of crisis: the spread of communism, 1950-1989

The second wave of crisis: threat of terrorism, 1990-present

The third wave of crisis: danger of nuclear proliferation, 1950-present
 
The fourth wave of crisis: drugs war 1990-present

The fifth wave of crisis: human right violation 2001-present

Thus, there are several ongoing crisis and enemies. Hence, the APWC has little to be concerned with the lack of enemies.

According to William M Arkin, Washington has bombed or is bombing these countries: Afghanistan, Iraq, Syria, Pakistan, Somalia, Yemen, Libya, Niger, Mali, Uganda Moreover, there are ten more countries which might be being bombed. These are mostly African countries including Cameron, Chad, Kenya and 7 other countries.

Moreover, the APWC is used to invent enemies. The probable next crisis target could be the "Yellow-Peril crisis" involving China and other Asian countries.

President, Joe Biden has decided to intervene in case of "crisis" in foreign countries even without the authorization of the countries involved. This can provide a lot of potential enemies. 


Anyway, as far as the existence of enemies is concerned, the AWPC has little to be worried about. There will be plenty of them, if not, the APWC will invent them. 

For instance, not-being pro-U.S. could be treated as crisis and crisis maker as American enemy.
 
The next hurdle to overcome for APWC is to tackle the anti-war movement in the U.S. and elsewhere in the world.

The solution is to find ways of making wars invisible, saving American lives but profitable. This can be done through the use of unmanned weapons and production cost saving by using AI-based technology, which allows long-distance warfare by virtue of "hub-spoke" war strategy under which one can attack the enemy without being present at the battle ground.

More and more, war is undertaken by a system of hub-spoke.  In the current war against terrorism, hubs are located in several Middle East countries, Kuwait being the Army hub and Bahrain being the Navy hub. The spokes are spread throughout the world, especially in the Middle East and Africa.

William M. Arkin describes the efficiency of the hub-spoke model of war.

"It is so little understood, so invisible, so efficient,, even so as four successive presidents have promised and then tried to stop warfare, the spokes have grown and expanded." 

The reason for developing this type of warfare is the need for being free from anti-war public and anti-war politics.

But the most important reason for the perpetuity of America wars is the vicious circle of human greed.

The war brings money; money invites wars; wars bring more money; more money leads to even more wars and ad infinitum. This is the vicious circle of human greed. Since human greed has no boundary, American wars will remain perpetual.

Thus, American wars can go on and on until there will be no more valuable enemies. In other words, the war will go on until the total destruction of the world. 

So, to save the world, the perpetual American wars should be stopped. (끝)

 

 

 

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chungheesoo
chungheesoo
111544
9193
2024-01-11
America's Perpetual War: Six Questions(5)


(지난 호에 이어) 

There are also three way traffic swing doors, namely the corporation-Pentagon-thin tanks. Some of the key members of the Washington war camp work for war corporations, the Pentagon and think tanks. In this dynamics, CSIS is often implicated.

The bribery system and the swinging-door system of policy making invite necessarily the culture of corruption.

"Corporate America as a whole was also corrupting hearts and minds numbing the public with entertainment and deluging with commercialism." (Sorensen: p.60)


5. What are the Negative Impacts of the American Wars?

There are internal and external negative impacts of American wars. The internal negative impacts of the American wars include human cost and economic cost.

The human cost of American perpetual war is high. Nobody knows how many Americans are killed or wounded. But some estimates say that as many as 50,000 Americas have been wounded in addition to tens of thousands of GIs who have been killed due to the perpetual wars.
 
"There is no honest accounting of the where how and why we are killing-how United States citizens are being protected and what security benefits are actually accruing to the United States in continuing perpetual war." (William M Arkin: nesweek.com/why-america-cant-end-its forever-war-1592749) 

The economic costs are high. The destruction of the country's potential economic growth is attributable to insufficient investments in education, health and infrastructure facilities. 

The U.S. invests almost $1.0 trillion a year for the perpetual wars forcing each American to contribute $2,200 a year to finance the wars.

The opportunity cost of American wars is high. The opportunity cost means investments which have been avoided due to the wars.

Here are some examples of opportunity costs: $70 billion to fight poverty; $42 billion to repair 43, 586 deficient bridges; $10.6 billion for the proposed program for the Center for Disease Control; $11.9 billion for the Environment Protection Agency; $17 for children who are starving.

Besides, Washington needs money to save 100,000 Americans who die every year from drug overdoses Washington must find way to eliminate street killings which happen four times every single day.

More than 10 % of American is not covered by medical insurance. Even those who do have medical insurance, the insurance cost is beyond the reach of the majority of Americans.

Another serious internal negative impact of the war is increasing public debt. In 2023, the U.S. public debt is $ 31 trillion as against $ 27 trillion for its GDP. This means that public debt is14.8% more than GDP. 

A good part of this debt is due to wars. In fact, the Iraq war produced U.S. public debt of $3 trillion.

This is a very dangerous situation, because with this kind of public debt, the country's fiscal policy becomes utterly useless.

Now, as for the external negative impact of American wars, it is impossible to have an idea. Almost 1.3 million people were killed in Iraq, Afghanistan and Pakistan alone. Millions of refugees were produced. 

Over the years, the perpetual American wars have ruined national economies; they have undermined religions and traditional values; they took away the hope for better life of the people of the countries which have been the targets of American wars.

What is really disturbing is this. The American wars are supposed to promote and keep world safer. But, in reality, the American wars have instead worsened the world safety.

"After two decades of fighting, in fact, not one country in the Middle East - not a country in the world - can argue that it is safer than it was before 911. Every country that is now a part of the expanding battle field of perpetual war is a greater disaster than it was than decade ago." (newsweek.com ibid).

So, who are benefitting from American wars? Sorensen offers an answer.

 "The only people who ultimately benefit from militarized drugs war are perfidious flag officers, the D.C. regime executives, war corporations and a few native American elites." (Sorenson: p. 298)

I may go further. I say that the beneficiaries are the members of the APWC.

(다음  호에 계속)  

 

 

<저작권자(c) Budongsancanada.com 부동산캐나다 한인뉴스, 무단 전재-재배포 금지 >

chungheesoo
chungheesoo
111365
9193
2024-01-04
America's Perpetual War: Six Questions(4)
 
 
(지난 호에 이어)
 
3. What is the Purpose of the American wars?
 
There can be defensive purposes and offensive purposes of war. The defensive purposes can include the protection of national territory and national values such as religion, democracy and national assets representing the national tradition.
 
Then, there can be offensive purposes of war which can include the imperial invasion of foreign country in order to change political and economic regime, change religion, to expropriate foreign country's natural resources and maintain America's hegemonic domination.
 
There is one more offensive purpose, namely, the revival of stagnating national economy trough wars. 
 
In all probabilities, the defensive purposes are not relevant. No country dares to challenge American territory and its values. On the other hand, all of offensive purposes are relevant.
 
However none of the offensive purposes of American wars seem to have been attained. The Christianity had hidden it presence since long time. American democracy is falling rapidly. Regime-change war has ended up with regime destruction. America's global hegemony has to overcome several challenges.  
 
As for the expropriation of foreign countries natural resources, American imperialism should have been a success made possible through the worldwide value chain. Its main beneficiaries are American multinational corporations.
 
Now, as for the impact of American war on American economy, the usual analysis model is the military Keynesianism. The series of economic studies show that it can have a sort run positive effect on the national economy, but in medium terms, it will harm the economy's potential growth. In other words, war is harmful to the national economy. 
 
"After initial demand stimulus, the effect of increased defence spending turns negative around six years .After 10 years of higher defence spending, there would be 464,000 jobs less than the base line scenario with lower spending." (Dean Baker, economist quoted in journals.openedition.org)
 
In short, the American wars are not needed for the realization of defensive objectives. Nor are they useful means for the materialization of offensive ends with the exception of the expropriation of natural resources of foreign countries.
 
Then, why the U.S. continues the wars? If the war continues despite its dubious results, there must be some people who find in the war some benefits. The inevitable conclusion is that the some people are the members of the American Pro-War Community (APWC).
 
 
4. Who are the Beneficiaries of the American Wars?
 
.In order that the AWPC receive benefit from wars, the profit of war corporations must be abnormally maximized. In fact, the profit of war corporations must be very high due to these reasons.
 
First, war corporations receive the Pentagons research grants and tax incentives from the federal government.
 
Second, the use of Artificial Intelligence-based production system can save greatly the cost of the war corporations' production of war goods and services.
 
Third, war corporations enjoy the quasi monopoly status through corporate merging in the sector of highly specialized weapon production. The merging of Lockheed with Martin is a typical example. 
 
Fourth, in a situation of Pentagon-war corporation collusion, the possibility of the Pentagon's accepting high price is great.
 
Once the high corporate profit is assured, the next step of keeping perpetual wars is the intra-AWPC sharing of the corporate profit. This is done through bribes. Having received bribes, pro-war policy makers and pro-war law makers must go along with war corporations for more wars.
 
Bribes are given to the policy makers and law makers so that they accept what the war corporations ask for. This is the beginning of everlasting corruption culture.
 
The following cases show some aspect of the corruption culture.
 
In 2012, the war corporations gave $30 million and in 2014 they gave $ 25.5 million to the Senate Armed Service Committee. 
 
Christian Sorensen shows the source of corporate funds given to the 25 members of the Senate Armed Services Committee. The following gives some examples.
 
• John McCain (R): General Electric, Raytheon and several other war corporations
• Jeanne Shaheen (D): Boeing General Electric
• Lindsey Graham (R): Northrop Grumman, Raytheon
• Bill Nelson (D): Lockheed Martin, Raytheon
 
A former CIA lobbyist made a meaningful statement regarding the state of corruption
 
"Years of legalized bribery had exposed me to the worst elements of our country's political working. Not even my half million-a-year salary could weigh my conscience…Today, most lobbyists are engaged in a system of bribery but it is legal kind, the kind that runs rampant in the corridors of Washington." (Sorensen: p.65)
 
For the last presidential election, Lockheed Martin donated $ 91 million. Fifty eight members of the House Armed Service Committee received in average $79,588 from the sector (war industry), or three times more than other representatives. Lobbying expenditures by the member of the warmongering community was $247 billion during the last two presidential elections.
 
However, in addition to the bribe system, there is the swinging-door relationship between the war industry and the Pentagon. The swinging-door relations result in the industry's direct participation in the defence policy making. I fact, the decision makers in the Pentagon and the decision makers in the war industry are in the war industry are the same people.
 
The first swing door allows the two way traffic of corporation leaders and the Pentagon leaders. Here are some cases of swinging door system of decision making.
 
• Ryan McCarthy assistant to Robert Gate, War Secretary went back to Lockheed Martin. He is now Under Secretary of Army.
• General James Mattis is now on the Board of Directors of General Dynamics, then, he became Secretary of War, then back to General Dynamics
• An Assistant Secretary of War was president of Goldman Sax focus on oil and gas
• An administrator of the Defence Technical Information (DTC) has directorship in multiple corporations
• The Under Secretary of War in charge of the finance of the Pentagon was partner of an accounting firm, Kearney which has strong business with the Pentagon
• Lester Lyle, director general of General Dynamics was Air Force National Commander
• Wilbur Ross, US Commerce Secretary had the following members of his advisory group: CEOs of Apple, Visa, Walmart, Home Depot, IBM, US Chamber of Commerce, the Association of Community College.
 

 

 

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chungheesoo
chungheesoo
111068
9193
2023-12-21
America's Perpetual War: Six Questions(3)


(지 난 호 에 이어) 


Imagine this. Washington's 2023 defence budget is 50% of South Korea's 2023 GDP of $1.8 trillion. The American defence budget is 40 % of the global defence budget of $ 2.2 trillion.

The big five: Lockheed Martin, Raytheon Technologies, Boeing, Northrop Grumman, General Dynamics gets as much as $150 billion out of the defence budget.

Think Tanks

 

The think tanks play major role in perpetuating the American wars. Their function is to produce reports and papers to show the seriousness of crisis and the need for increasing military budget so that the crisis can be tackled by military force.

The following shows how some major think tanks are lavishly funded by war corporations. The data are provided by a Global Research paper. (Amanda Yeo: Six War Managing Think Tank and the Military Contractors that fund them, March 7, 2023)

 

 

The Center for Strategic International Studies (CSIS)
The CSIS received in 2022  $100,000 or more from following war corporations: Northrop Grumman, General Dynamics, Lockheed Martin, SAIC, Bechtel, Cummings, Hitachi, Hanhwa Group, Huntington Ingalls Industries, Mitsubishi Corp., Nippon Telegraph and Telephone, Raytheon, Samsung.

 

The Center for a New American Security (CNAS)
The CNAS received in 2021, $50,000 or more from the following war corporations: Huntington Ingalls Group, Neal Blue, BAE System, Booz Allen, Hamilton Intel Corp, General Dynamics.

 

Hudson Institute (HI)
The HI got, in 2021, $50,000 or more from the following war corporations: General Atomics, Linden Blue, Neal Blue, Lockheed Martin, Northrop Grumman, Boeing, Mitsubishi.

 

The Atlantic Council (AC) 
In 2021, the AC received $50,000 or more from the following war corporations: Airbus, Neal Blue, Lockheed Martin, Raytheon, and SAIC.

 

The International Institute for Strategic Studies (IISS) 
The IISS was given, in 2021, $25,000 or more by the following war corporations: BAE System, Boeing, General Atomics, Raytheon, Rolls-Royce, Northrop Grumman.

There was a case where a think tank expressed an "expert opinion" in order to protect the interest of its sponsor (war corporation). It happened on August 12, 2021.

The huge military contractor CACI which had a contract of $907 million for 5 years in Afghanistan was disappointed of the U.S. withdrawal from Afghanistan, which meant its profit loss.

 

Its thin tank was the Institute for the Study of War (ISW). The president of ISW, Kimberly Kagan declared that the U.S. withdrawal would make Afghanistan to become the second ground of Jihadism. By the way, retired General Jack Keane is a member of IWS.

 

Pressure Group

The pressure groups are led by individuals well connected to war corporations, the Pentagon and the congress. The following is the partial list of pressure groups

 

• The Aerospace Industry Association(AIA): Its CEO is the former vice-president of a company producing rockets. AIA represents more than 340 aerospace and defence corporation
• The National Defence Industry Association (NDIA) has
 1,600 members
• The political Action Committee
• The Association of United States Army(AUSA): It produces
 Industry Guide for war corporations
• Business Executives for National Security (BENS), It is composed of non-profit 450 business executives who discuss security issues
• The Association of Old Crows (AOC), It is a brotherhood of electronic war veterans and leaders of war. It is supported by war corporations such as AECOM and Raytheon
• The American Institute of Aeronautics and Astronomics
 (AIAA)
• The National Security Resource Board
• The War Dept Defence Policy Board

 

Pro-War Media

Most of American media are pro-war.  There are several reasons why the media are not critical of the perpetual war, if not being outright pro-war.

 

First, Being corporate media, they are mainly concerned with making money rather than being concerned with the collective wellbeing of the American society.

The Corporate Media including CNN, MSMBC, Fox News attach program priority to the rating. They have no opinion about the awfully destructive consequences of the perpetual war. Even if they have some useful opinion they do not dare to express them. When they express some opinion, they are usually the opinion of the elite class.

 

Second, it has been the long tradition in the U.S. that the media do not criticize the government.

 

Third, the government censor the media, especially, the off-line media.

 

Fourth, the numbers of media are directly related to the war industry. For example, in the Defence News, T. Michael Mosely, retired 4-star Air Force general wrote in April 2019 that the Air Force was woefully under equipped. 

There is a long list of pro-war media mostly armed forces related media.

 

Fifth, war corporations openly put pressure on the media not to mention the root of war. For example, "General Dynamics wants corporate media never to question the root cause of the war." (Sorensen p: p.72)

 

Sixth, the Smith Mundt Modernization Act of 2012 allows greater propaganda on corporate media.

To sum up, the demand for war is formed by the coordinated pro-war opinions created by the war corporations, the think tanks, the pressure groups and the media. These opinions are transmitted to the Pentagon, which determine the size of financial and human resources to be allocated to the war.

The remarkable coordination among these individuals and organizations looks like a well prepared symphony orchestra. The think tanks play violin to make sweet sound for the war corporations; the pressure groups play trumpet to make the sound louder; the media play drums to draw attention of the public to the necessity of wars. All these players are conducted by the war corporations.

(다음 호에 계속) 

 

 

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chungheesoo
chungheesoo
110919
9193
2023-12-14
America's Perpetual War: Six Questions(2)

(지난 호에 이어) 

 

 

 

The combined annual sale of the five leading firms in 2022 was as much as $ 241.8 billion of which $183.3 billon was for the sale of military goods and services, or 75.8% of the total sale.

 

The supply of war goods and services relies on the extensive production chain involving foreign and domestic providers of raw materials and intermediary products. In addition, the academics and information firms offer information, technology and other services needed for the production of weapons.

 

The following is a list of the well known universities which are deeply involved in American wars. Each one of these universities produces, for the war industry, a variety of war products and services. 

 

In this paper, for academic institution, just one typical product or service is mentioned.

 

No less than 70% of university research projects are funded by the Pentagon

 

• The Boston College helps the Ait Force

• The University of Massachusetts Lowell develops mono-technology for the Army.

• Tufts University improves of soldiers cognitive and physical performance

• MIT is producing so many war goods ns services that it is known as a "war corporation."

• Columbia University and Brown University develops, for DARPA (Defence Advanced Research Project Agency), the neural engineering system

• Princeton University produces hardware for design and verification of open-source integrated circuit

• Dartmouth University sells machine learning

• Pennsylvania University develops artificial intelligence. 

• Stanford University develops technology for chemical warfare and so many other war goods and service that it is considered to be in partnership with war corporations

• Harvard University develops educational materials for the war and it is the main source providing human resources to the war industries. By the way, it produced the napalm bomb widely used in the Korean War, Vietnamese War and other wars

 • John Hopkins University makes tools needed for the evaluation of alternative offensive capability needed for battles in air sea, cyberspace

 

The sad story is that American universities depend on war- money so much that they are losing their original mission. 

 

Christian Sorensen (Understanding the War Industry, Clarity Press 2022) has something to say about this problem. He seems to think that universities are neglecting their original mission of producing and diffusing truth.

 

"But its intricate ties to the War Department show the university's true colour carrying more about government funding than the nobility of academia." (Sorenson: p.221)

 

By the way, I have found many useful information, data and ideas in Sorensen's book, which is surely significant addition to the critical literature of perpetual wars.

 

The information-technology corporations are also actively participating in the American wars. In fact, Amazon, Microsoft, and Google provide, for the military, clout computing which facilitates the reduction of human and material cost of wars.

 

2.2 Demand for War Products and Services

 

What distinguishes the war economy from peace economy is the amazing fact that the supply generates the demand. 

 

In the American war economy, the final demand for war goods and services is determined by the Pentagon (the Department of Defence) and some foreign countries.

 

However, the Pentagon does not have all the information needed to estimate the demand for war so that it relies on the information provided by the war corporations. Therefore, the war corporations which are supplier of war goods and services have the amazing role of determining the demand. 

 

In this way, in the market of war goods and services, the supply determines the demand. 

 

This is the root of perpetual nature of American wars and the making of profit going to the APWC.

 

Now, to have war, one has to have enemies. But, the war corporations do not have the research capacity to find real enemies or produce fabricated enemies. The role of finding or fabricating enemies goes to the think tanks which are lavishly funded by the war corporations.

 

When the think tanks find or manufacture enemies, new wars or the continuation of old wars are justified. 

 

Now, on the other hand, the pressure groups put pressure on law makers and policy makers to recognize the identities of enemies produced by the think tanks; this is done through lobbying (bribes giving).

 

As for the media, they have the role of preparing the mind and the souls of Americans to accept the monstrous defence budget without being aware of the destructive consequences of the perpetual wars.

 

It goes without saying that both the pressure groups and the media are funded by the war corporations.

The demand for war goods and services created by these pro-war individuals and organizations is translated into the annual defence budget of the U.S amounting, in 2023, to as much as $886 billion. (다음호에 계 속 )

 

 

 

 

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chungheesoo
chungheesoo
110742
9193
2023-12-07
America's Perpetual War: Six Questions(1)

 

Introduction

 

Former American President Jimmy Carter said, in 2018, that in America, there were 226 years of wars since its independence which took place 242 years ago thus leaving only 16 years of peace.

 

Since WWII, there were 32 American military conflicts involving dozens of countries. Some of these military conflicts have lasted even twenty years and some others are still continuing.

 

In other words, the U.S. is a country of perpetual war. War is   terribly destructive human activity. Millions of human beings have been sacrificed. Tens of trillions of dollars worth of housing, school, factories, hospitals and other infrastructure facilities have been destroyed in the countries which have been the target of American military attacks.

 

The perpetual war has destroyed the very foundation of freedom and democracy; it has prevented healthy and equitable economic development of the world; it has led to the violation of human rights; it has ruined traditional values of many countries and, above all, it has caused lasting human suffering.

 

The perpetual war has deprived millions of Americans of decent income, adequate housing, needed foods, necessary health care, safety on the street, reliable infrastructure facilities, essential education and other goods and services needed for descent living.

 

Before I go any further, I would like to quote the historical statement of President Dwight Eisenhower.

 

"Every gun that is made, every warship launched, every rocket fired signifies in the final sense a theft from those who hunger and are not fed, those who are cold and not clothed. This world in arms is not spending money alone, it is spending the sweat of its labourers, the genius of its scientists, the hope of children. (President Dwight Eisenhower address to the North American Society of News editors, April 16, 1953)

 

In this paper I am asking the following six questions

• How many wars has the U.S undertaken since WWII?

• How are the American wars organized?

• What is the purpose of the American wars?

• Who are the beneficiaries of the American wars?

• What are negative impacts of the American wars?

• Will the American wars continue?

 

 

1. How many wars has the U.S. undertaken since WWII?

 

There are undoubtedly several ways of defining wars. In this paper, I define war in terms of American military interventions. Defined thus, I have counted 32 wars undertaken by the U.S. since WWII.

 

I have classified these wars in terms of the following categories: invasion (23 cases), civil war (7 cases), and multi-targets war (2), which gives 32 wars that took place since the WWII.

 

There are reasons to believe that there are still many undeclared military interventions conducted by war contractors and Special Operation Forces units spread in 1,000 bases in 191 countries. The following shows the list of American wars

 

Invasions

Korean War (1950-1953), Vietnam War (1955-1975); Cuban-Bay Pig (1961), Lebanon (1982-1984), Grenada (1983), Libya bombing (1984),Tanker War-Persian Gulf  (1984-1987),, Panama (1989-1990), Gulf War (1989-1991), Iraq War (1991-1993), Bosnia War (1992-1995), Haiti (1994-1999), Kosovo (1998-1999), Afghanistan (2001-2021),Yemen(2002-present),Iraq (2003-2011), Pakistan (2004-2018), Somalia (2007-present) Libya (2011), Niger (2013-present) Iraq (2014-2021), Syria (2014-present), Libya (2015-2019)

 

Civil Wars:

Indo-China (1959-1975), Indonesia (1958-1961) Lebanon (1958), Dominican Republic (1968-1966), Korea DMZ (1966-1969), Cambodia (1967-1975) Somalia (1991-present)

 

 

Multi-target wars:

Operation Ocean Shield: location, Indian- Ocean (2008-2016), Operation Observant Compass: location, Uganda and Central Africa (2011-2017)

 

2. How are the American wars organized?

 

To understand the nature and the implication of the perpetual war in the U.S. it is necessary to introduce the concept of American Pro-War Community (APWC).

 

In literature and media, we use the notion of military-industry complex (MIC) to describe the vast system of perpetual U.S wars. But, actually, the system of perpetual war involves many more individuals and organizations than in the MIC.

 

The APWC is a tightly knit community promoting its community interests at the expense of the wellbeing of ordinary Americans and the interests of the people of the war-target countries. It is so well organized and so well rooted and so powerful that it is quasi impossible to dissolve it.

 

The AWPC's core group comprises the war corporations and the federal government led by the Pentagon, the Congress, the Senate and other government agencies.

 

There are two supporting groups comprising all sorts of institutions and organizations. There is the group supporting the supply of war goods and services. Then, there is the group supporting the creation of demand for war goods and services.

 

The efficiency of the whole system of producing and selling war goods and services depends on how the core group and the supporting groups can work in harmony together to attain the objectives of wars, namely, the maximization of profit and the intra-APWC sharing of the profit.

 

2.1. Supply of War Goods and Services

 

The supply of war goods and services is assured by war corporations which produce weapons, building contractors which build all sorts of buildings and manage them, catering services companies that provide foods and drinks for the GIs, information firms which offer information needed for wars and even the academics that offers ideas and technologies.

 .

In the U.S. 40 major war corporations have annual sales of almost $ 600 billion.

 

The following table shows the importance of the five leading war corporations in U.S.

 

(다음 호에 계속)

 

 

 

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chungheesoo
chungheesoo
110547
9193
2023-11-30
Mr. Kim’s Canadian Dream (27) -끝-


Mr. Kim came to Canada; he had dreams; did he realize them?


(지난 호에 이어) 


Korea is expected to play a major role in the process of the creation of the East Asia Economic Community. Korea is a unique middle power nation in the region; it can play a key role of intermediation in trade, political and cultural areas. 

However, unless Korea meets the international moral standard, it cannot play this role. In this context, if you are a real patriot, you should criticize the corruption culture and do something to correct it.

True, there are a great number of people who are victims of the corruption of the government and they express their concerns. But, they are not North Korean spies; they want a better country. 

It is quite possible that among them there are spies sent by North Korea, sympathizers with North Korea, but the most of them are real patriots who would like to do something for the welfare of the ordinary people.

Kim Inspired his children to love Korea
Kim knew that the children of immigrant parents in Montreal have the tendency to regard Korea as corrupted society. True, they like Han-Ryu (the wave of Korean youth culture including K-pop, Kangnam Style,), but in general, they are not very proud of the Korean culture and they do not love Korea.

Kim thought that this was a real problem, because to survive in multicultural and multiethnic society like Canada, one has to have robust identity of which one must be proud. For a visible minority group, one has double identity: ethnic identity and cultural identity. It means this. 

Kim organized a seminar in the name of the Montreal Korean Association. And he made some comments

"Suppose you are culturally well integrated; you talk like Quebecers; you eat like them; you play like them; you think like them. 

But you are eternally Korean as far as native Quebecers are concerned. Therefore, you must be sure of identity and proud of your double identity."

Kim remembered the presentation by a Canadian professor Hong of Korean origin. Kim remembered two messages of the professor.
 
First, the corruption culture is a part of Korea. But Korea has something to offer for the regional security and prosperity. 

Second, immigrants' Korean youth can be proud of both the philosophical and the spiritual legacy and the Korea’s historical role in coming years.  

Professor Hong used to speak of "Koreaness" a term not familiar. Kim asked him to explain its meaning. The professor explained.
 
Kim remembered the professor's answer: 

“For me, koreanness means feeling proud of spiritual and cultural legacy, being aware of the corruption of the leaders but the desire to fight against corruption, the desire to improve the Korean society.  I am proud of Daoism which gave me the respect for the nature; I am proud of Buddhism which gave me the tendency to find my inner self; I am proud of Confucianism which gave the passion for learning things”.

"Dad, I am glad that I came to this conference.  For me, it is eye-opening experience." confessed Paul.

Kim thought that he did his best to convince the Korea youth living in Quebec to live "koreanness".


Mr. Kim has returned to Korea
The plane left the East Sea and Kim could see the ranges of mountains along the east coastline. Thus the plane was ending its voyage. Kim thought that his life voyage was also about to end. 

Kim was looking at Sookja with closed eyes. 

“Yobo, I see the Korean mountains below” shouted Kim.

Sokja opened her eyes and started to look down eagerly and said:“ Paul's Appa, I think that the Korea mountains with their birds, trees, flowers, winds, clouds above, the brooks are like the loving arms of mother. During all my life, I missed so much these mountains”.

“Yes, Nancy’s mother, me too!” said Kim.

“I do appreciate Canada and Quebec; Canadians and Quebecers were kind to us.  Quebec is our second home; our kids studied, found spouses and have highly paying jobs there. You see Nancy’s mother, I am grateful to Canada and Quebec” said Kim with satisfaction.

“Yet, after all these years, I realize that I am still deeply attached to something. Is it Korea? Is it Korean people? Is it Korean natural or social environment in which I was brought up? It may be that I am attached to all of these. 

But, there is something else more important. I think that it is the memory of what I was before I became adult; it is the memory of my childhood carelessness, the memory of my teenage dreams and crazy parties, the memory of romantic feeling about the world. It was my universe I build and cherished. That is it! I miss my pre-adulthood universe.” Kim was trying to convince himself.

Kim found out that his pre-adulthood universe was like a harbor to which the sailor returns. 

“Ladies and Gentlemen, we will land in the International Airport in twenty minutes. We thank you for having chosen Korea Air. We wish you happy stay in Korea” announced the captains.

When the plane landed gently in the International Airport, Kim had the feeling that his long life voyage ended and came back to his life harbor, where he could find peace and enjoy his pre-adulthood dreams and romantic ambitions.

He thanked God and said “Amen!” (끝)

 

 

 

<저작권자(c) Budongsancanada.com 부동산캐나다 한인뉴스, 무단 전재-재배포 금지 >

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